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Installing Java with SDKMAN on Raspberry Pi

February 07, 2022

 

 

If you create a new SD card for a Raspberry Pi with the operating system, you can choose the "Raspberry Pi OS Full (32-bit)" edition, which includes Java 11. But a lot of the other available OS-versions don't have Java included.

There are many ways to install Java but, personally, I find SDKMAN the easiest one to use.

It allows you to easily install a JDK, but also to switch between different versions.

SDKMAN! is a tool for managing parallel versions of multiple Software Development Kits on most Unix based systems. It provides a convenient Command Line Interface (CLI) and API for installing, switching, removing and listing Candidates.

A nice video with a full demo of SDKMAN is available here on foojay.io.

SDKMAN can show you a list of available JDK-distributions based on the operating system and architecture. Until recently that didn't work on Raspberry Pi because that runs on ARM. But as this is an open-source project it is possible to request new features and help to achieve the solution. As you can see in GitHub issue #836, this required some rework in different parts of the project. But we have a working version now!!!

Try it out

If you want to dive in directly, grab yourself a Raspberry Pi, open a terminal and install ZIP and SDKMAN.

$ sudo apt install zip
$ curl -s "https://beta.sdkman.io" | bash

# Open a new terminal or run this command
$ source "$HOME/.sdkman/bin/sdkman-init.sh"


$ sdk list java
================================================================================
Available Java Versions for Linux ARM 32bit Hard Float
================================================================================
 Vendor        | Use | Version      | Dist    | Status     | Identifier
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Liberica      |     | 17.0.1       | librca  |            | 17.0.1-librca
               |     | 11.0.13      | librca  |            | 11.0.13-librca
 Zulu          |     | 11.0.13      | zulu    |            | 11.0.13-zulu
               |     | 8.0.312      | zulu    |            | 8.0.312-zulu
================================================================================

Yep, that's right, even for the Raspberry Pi different distributions can be used! So let's try out Azul Zulu 11.

$ sdk install java 11.0.13-zulu
$ java -version
openjdk version "11.0.13" 2021-10-19 LTS
OpenJDK Runtime Environment Zulu11.52+13-CA (build 11.0.13+8-LTS)
OpenJDK Client VM Zulu11.52+13-CA (build 11.0.13+8-LTS, mixed mode)

Confirmed! Azul Zulu 11 installed with SDKMAN runs fine on a Raspberry Pi.

Side note: although both Liberica and Zulu are listed for "Linux ARM 32bit Hard Float", only Zulu works on ARMv6, e.g. the Raspberry Pi Zero 1. At this point BellSoft has no plans to support this processor.

About the processor architecture

As there are multiple Raspberry Pi versions since 2013 (full history on Wikipedia), different ARM processor types were used. The ARMv6 only supports 32-bit, while ARMv7 is a 64-bit processor.

The architecture can be checked with the uname command and these are some of the outputs:

BoardOperating Systemuname -m
Raspberry Pi Zero 132-bitarmv6l
Raspberry Pi 432-bitarmv7l
Raspberry Pi 464-bitaarch64

If you want to know more about your system, use the lscpu command, this is the output on a Raspberry Pi 4 with 32-bit OS:

$ lscpu
Architecture:        armv7l
Byte Order:          Little Endian
CPU(s):              4
On-line CPU(s) list: 0-3
Thread(s) per core:  1
Core(s) per socket:  4
Socket(s):           1
Vendor ID:           ARM
Model:               3
Model name:          Cortex-A72
Stepping:            r0p3
CPU max MHz:         1500.0000
CPU min MHz:         600.0000
BogoMIPS:            108.00
Flags:               half thumb fastmult vfp edsp neon vfpv3 tls vfpv4 idiva idivt vfpd32 lpae evtstrm crc32

64-bit Operating System

After a long time of trialing a beta version, on February 2th, Raspberry Pi officially announced a 64-bit version of their operating system. You can read more about this release on the Raspberry Pi Blog. And because this is a more used architecture, the output of SDKMAN is really impressive...

================================================================================
Available Java Versions for Linux ARM 64bit
================================================================================
 Vendor        | Use | Version      | Dist    | Status     | Identifier
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 AdoptOpenJDK  |     | 8.0.275+1.hs | adpt    |            | 8.0.275+1.hs-adpt   
               |     | 8.0.252.hs   | adpt    |            | 8.0.252.hs-adpt     
 Corretto      |     | 17.0.2.8.1   | amzn    |            | 17.0.2.8.1-amzn     
               |     | 17.0.0.35.1  | amzn    |            | 17.0.0.35.1-amzn  
 
... 45 EXTRA LINES HERE

 Temurin       |     | 17.0.2       | tem     |            | 17.0.2-tem          
               |     | 11.0.14      | tem     |            | 11.0.14-tem         
               |     | 8.0.322      | tem     |            | 8.0.322-tem         
 Zulu          |     | 17.0.2       | zulu    |            | 17.0.2-zulu         
               |     | 11.0.14      | zulu    |            | 11.0.14-zulu        
               |     | 8.0.322      | zulu    |            | 8.0.322-zulu        
================================================================================

So using the Temurin 17 version is as easy as sdk install java 17.0.2-tem:

$ sdk install java 17.0.2-tem

Downloading: java 17.0.2-tem

In progress...

################################################################################################################################################################################ 100.0%################################################################################################################################################################################ 100.0%

Repackaging Java 17.0.2-tem...
   
Done repackaging...

Installing: java 17.0.2-tem
Done installing!


Setting java 17.0.2-tem as default.

$ java -version
openjdk version "17.0.2" 2022-01-18
OpenJDK Runtime Environment Temurin-17.0.2+8 (build 17.0.2+8)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM Temurin-17.0.2+8 (build 17.0.2+8, mixed mode, sharing)

Conclusion

Java on Raspberry Pi has always been possible, but SDKMAN makes the getting-started process a lot easier.

Installing a first JDK or changing the version has now become a piece of cake pi(e)!

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Author(s)

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    Frank Delporte

    Frank Delporte (@frankdelporte) is a Java developer, technical writer at Azul, blogger, author of "Getting started with Java on Raspberry Pi", and contributor to Pi4J. Frank blogs about his experiments ... Learn more

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